A common snack in Africa is koki or moin-moin, where the cowpeas are mashed into a paste, mixed with spices and steamed in banana leaves. Scrape potatoes, put in separate pot. From the Hugh MacRae (12681372493).jpg Like beans, many peas are available in both bush and climbing varieties. A high level of morphological diversity is found within the species with large variations in the size, shape, and structure of the plant.  This makes them a particularly important crop in arid, semidesert regions where not many other crops will grow. Black-eyed peas were first introduced to the southern states in the United States and some early varieties had peas squashed closely together in their pods, leading to the other common names of southern pea and crowder pea.  The original subgroups of stenophylla, dekindtiana, and tenuis appear to be common in all taxonomic treatments, while the variations pubescens and protractor were raised to subspecies level by a 1993 characterisation. Exact figures for cowpea production are hard to come up with as it is not a major export crop.  Drought at the preflowering stage in cowpea can reduce the yield potential by 360 kg/ha. If you don't want to put in the extra effort to install and build a trellis or pole, go with a bush variety. , Cowpeas are grown mostly for their edible beans, although the leaves, green seeds and pods can also be consumed, meaning the cowpea can be used as a food source before the dried peas are harvested. 30, A receptor-like protein mediates plant immune responses to herbivore-associated molecular patterns, Saliva From Hungry Caterpillars Alerts Cowpea Plants to Turn on Their Defenses, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cowpea&oldid=1001203810, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, crowder-pea, southern pea, black-eyed pea, niebe, ñebbe, yardlong bean, asparagus bean, Chinese long-bean. macrocarpum Ser. 1 can English peas 1 can asparagus 1 can cream of Mushroom soup 2 hard boiled eggs, sliced 1/2 pound sharp Cheddar Cheese 1 cup cracker crumbs 1/2 stick butter Mushrooms and slivered almonds, optional. Cowpea seeds provide a rich source of proteins and calories, as well as minerals and vitamins. Fill the clean jars with the hot peas and cooking liquid leaving 1 inch (2.5 cm) of space at the top of … The single was released in the Philippines, Asia and Australia on August 4, 2006.  Other important pests include pod sucking bugs, thrips, and the postharvest cowpea weevil, Callosobruchus maculatus.  The plant is susceptible to mosaic viruses, which cause a green mosaic pattern to appear in the leaves. To prepare the peas, do one of the following: Fresh peas: snap the stems off, then tug them downwards to remove the string. Colours include white, cream, green, red, brown, and black, or various combinations. (Hasskarl)", "Southern Peas - Gardening Solutions - University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences", "Niebe: A Food of Choice to Combat Hunger", "Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of Cowpea (, "The Potential Role of Neglected and Underutilised Crop Species as Future Crops under Water Scarce Conditions in Sub-Saharan Africa", "Toxicity and repellence of African plants traditionally used for the protection of stored cowpea against Callosobruchus maculatus".  From there they traveled north to the Mediterranean, where they were used by the Greeks and Romans.  Austrian scientist and monk Gregor Mendel used peas which he called Pisum saccharatum in his famous experiments demonstrating the heritable nature of specific traits, and this Latin name might not refer to the same varieties identified with modern snow peas.  The classification of the wild relatives within V. unguiculata is more complicated, with over 20 different names having been used and between 3 and 10 subgroups described. The popularity of green peas spread to North America. Adding Flavor to Canned Peas Put 1 can of drained peas into a saucepan with a little water. The variety under this name was described as having sub-leathery and compressed-terete pods and the French name petit pois. This was the original model organism used by Gregor Mendel in his early work on genetics..  More modern methods include storage in airtight containers, using gamma irradiation, or heating or freezing the seeds.  A pod can contain six to 13 seeds that are usually kidney-shaped, although the seeds become more spherical the more restricted they are within the pod. named in 1825. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna. The ideal soils are sandy and it has better tolerance for infertile and acid soil than most other crops. 2 packages (10 ounces each) frozen peas 1 teaspoon white-wine vinegar Coarse salt and ground pepper Directions Instructions Checklist Step 1 In a large skillet, cook bacon over medium, stirring occasionally, until fat is rendered and bacon is crispy, 5 to 7 minutes. Cover with water, simmer until half done. Translation is the eighth studio album by American pop rap group Black Eyed Peas. Close, Alisa Huffaker, and Eric A. Schmelz: This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 18:13.  The cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV), discovered in 1959, has become a useful research tool. Split the pods open, then run your thumb down the center to knock the peas out. Rar. Prepare the peas. For sources, see individual pages. In modern times peas are usually boiled or steamed, which breaks down the cell walls and makes the taste sweeter and the nutrients more bioavailable. , Severe C. maculatus infestations can affect 100% of the stored peas and cause up to 60% loss within a few months. By the 17th and 18th centuries, it had become popular to eat peas "green", that is, while they are immature and right after they are picked. Commonly grown peas include English peas, snow or sugar peas, and sugar snap peas.  Common diseases include blights, root rot, wilt, powdery mildew, root knot, rust and leaf spot. Cook the peas in a small amount of water with salt to taste, until peas are very tender. Fandom Apps Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. saccharatum Ser. As well as an important source of food for humans in poor, arid regions, the crop can also be used as feed for livestock. They can have a smooth or rough coat and be speckled, mottled, or blotchy.  The description is inconsistent with the appearance of snow peas, and therefore botanists have replace this name with Pisum sativum var.  Another distinguishing feature of cowpeas is the long 20–50 cm (8–20 in) peduncles, which hold the flowers and seed pods. Castle Hayne Colony.  Cowpeas can either be short and bushy (as short as 20 cm or 8 in) or act like a vine by climbing supports or trailing along the ground (to a height of 2 m or 6 ft 7 in). Cowpeas were domesticated in Africa and are one of the oldest crops to be farmed.  Insect infestation is a major constraint to the production of cowpea, sometimes causing over 90% loss in yield. The pea is most commonly the small spherical seed or the seed-pod of the pod fruit Pisum sativum.Each pod contains several peas. Wikipedia English - The Free Encyclopedia Pease , in Middle English, was a noun referring to the vegetable pea; see that article for its etymology.  The crop is mostly intercropped with pearl millet, and plants are selected that provide both food and fodder value instead of the more specialised varieties. , These characteristics, along with its low fertilisation requirements, make the cowpea an ideal crop for resource-poor farmers living in the Sahel region of West Africa. It was released on June 19, 2020, by Epic Records . , The optimum temperature for cowpea growth is 30 °C (86 °F), making it only available as a summer crop for most of the world. English Peas. Shell just before using. Two music videos for the song were broadcast in 2006. Add 2 cups milk, 2 tablespoons butter.  The taproot can penetrate to a depth of 2.4 m (7 ft 10 in) after eight weeks. A second domestication event probably occurred in Asia, before they spread into Europe and the Americas. , Seeds and seed pods from wild cowpeas are very small, while cultivated varieties can have pods between 10 and 110 cm (4 and 43 in) long. Purchase requires level 11. Simmer 15 minutes covered.  Cowpeas can be prepared in stews, soups, purees, casseroles and curries. , Outside Africa, the major production areas are Asia, Central America, and South America. This method is suitable for frozen peas or fresh peas.  The most common methods of protection involve the use of insecticides, the main pesticides used being carbamates, synthetic pyrethoids, and organophosphates. English pea salad is a simple salad, intended to be reminiscent of Spring and innocence. Garden Peas. Some vegetables which are botanically fruits (such as tomatoes) are considered to be vegetables in the culinary (eating) sense. Human translations with examples: रहर, मटर, दालों, केराउ, muji ko jhol. They have a sweet flavor and crunchy texture.  Cowpea starch is digested more slowly than the starch from cereals, which is more beneficial to human health. Generally, 133,000 seeds are planted per hectare (54,000/acre) for the erect varieties and 60,000 per hectare (24,000/acre) for the climbing and trailing varieties. It grows best in regions with an annual rainfall between 400 and 700 mm (16 and 28 in). Contextual translation of "peas soup" into Nepali.  Remains of charred cowpeas from rock shelters in Central Ghana have been dated to the second millennium BCE.  p is responsible for reducing the sclerenchymatous membrane on the inner pod wall, while v reduces pod wall thickness (n is a gene that thickens pod walls in snap peas). The album features guest appearances from Shakira , J Balvin , Ozuna , Maluma , Nicky Jam , Tyga , El Alfa , Piso 21 , Becky G , and French Montana . The American group Black Eyed Peas has released eight studio albums, two compilation albums, one extended play, twenty-eight singles, eight promotional singles, thirty-eight music videos, and two video albums.  While they play a key role in subsistence farming and livestock fodder, the cowpea is also seen as a major cash crop by Central and West African farmers, with an estimated 200 million people consuming cowpea on a daily basis.  The weevil generally enters the cowpea pod through holes before harvest and lays eggs on the dry seed. 1 Description 2 Ingredients 3 Directions 4 Contributed by Purchased from Patterson Estate in Tyler, Texas in 1992. Another common name Chinese pea is probably related to its prominence in Chinese dishes served in the West. Cook peas along with butter, garlic, and onions for a simple side-dish.  The larvae burrow their way into the seed, feeding on the endosperm. Drain the peas. This is a great way to spruce up frozen peas. , Snow peas, along with sugar snap peas and unlike field and garden peas, are notable for having edible pods that lack inedible fiber (in the form of "parchment", a fibrous layer found in the inner pod rich in lignin) in the pod walls. The crop is mainly grown for its seeds, which are high in protein, although the leaves and immature seed pods can also be consumed.  Although little research has been conducted on the nutritional value of the leaves and immature pods, what is available suggests that the leaves have a similar nutritional value to black nightshade and sweet potato leaves, while the green pods have less antinutritional factors than the dried seeds. "Bionomics, host plant resistance, and management of the legume pod borer, "Genetic Differentiation among Maruca vitrata F. (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) Populations on Cultivated Cowpea and Wild Host Plants: Implications for Insect Resistance Management and Biological Control Strategies", "Pest management practices in cowpea: a review", "Effects of Transgenic Cry1Ac + CpTI Cotton on Non-Target Mealybug Pest, "Screening for Drought Tolerance in Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) at Seedling Stage under Screen House Condition", "Diversity of Drought Tolerance in the Genus Vigna", "Africa Imports - African Recipes - Red-Red Stew", "The Long and the Short of Yard-Long Beans", Cowpea research at the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Network for Genetic Improvement of Cowpea for All (NGICA), Consensus Document on Compositional Considerations for New Varieties of COWPEA (Vigna unguiculata): Key Food and Feed Nutrients, Anti-nutrients and Other Constituents, OECD Series on the Safety of Novel Foods and Feeds No. Leaves can be picked from 4 weeks after planting. Pea pods are botanically fruit, since they contain seeds and developed from the ovary of a (pea) flower. , Insects are a major factor in the low yields of African cowpea crops, and they affect each tissue component and developmental stage of the plant. , The cowpea has often been referred to as "poor man's meat" due to the high levels of protein found in the seeds and leaves. Dated 1964. The French are famous for their tiny, young green peas known as petits pois.  Common names for cultivated cowpeas include; black-eye pea, southern pea, niebe (alternatively ñebbe), and crowder pea.  While the insect can cause damage through all growth stages, most of the damage occurs during flowering. The scientific name Pisum sativum var. Today, of all the green peas grown, only five per cent come to the market … New cultivars of peas were developed by the English during thi… Both English peas and the French petits pois are available frozen and canned. Simply heat up 1-2 tablespoons of butter in a large skillet, then add 1 chopped onion, and 2-3 gloves of chopped garlic. Sugar Peas: Sugar snap peas or simply snap peas are a blend of pea pods and garden peas.  A popular dish was Hoppin' John, which contained black-eyed peas cooked with rice and seasoned with pork. Brazil is the world's second-leading producer of cowpea seed, accounting for 17% of annual cowpea production, although most is consumed within the country. Along with broad beans and lentils, these formed an important part of the diet of most people in the Middle East, North Africa and Europe during the Middle Ages. Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia.  CPMV is stable and easy to propagate to a high yield, making it useful in vector development and protein expression systems. English pea salad is very traditional, rather than being currently in style, and may be more likely served at family gatherings, especially in the U.S. This is the common garden pea, also known simply as green pea. The peas inside should be glossy, crunchy and sweet. , According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, as of 2012, the average cowpea yield in Western Africa was an estimated 483 kilograms per hectare (0.215 short ton/acre), which is still 50% below the estimated potential production yield. Below is a list of several snow pea cultivars currently available, ordered by days to maturity. Vigna unguiculata is a member of the Vigna (peas and beans) genus. Snow peas have the thinner walls of the two edible pod variants. , A large morphological diversity is found within the crop, and the growth conditions and grower preferences for each variety vary from region to region. A pea, although treated as a vegetable in cooking, is botanically a fruit; the term is most commonly used to describe the small spherical seeds or the pods of the legume Pisum sativum.  Its nitrogen-fixing ability means that as well as functioning as a sole crop, the cowpea can be effectively intercropped with sorghum, millet, maize, cassava, or cotton. Read more about the differences between snap peas, snow peas, and English peas (and find recipes for … Vigna unguiculata is a member of the Vigna (peas and beans) genus. These crystals then trigger a localimmune system inflammatory reaction.  This complements the mainly cereal diet in countries that grow cowpeas as a major food crop. , Cowpeas thrive in poor dry conditions, growing well in soils up to 85% sand.  Temperatures of 60 °C (140 °F) kill the weevil larvae, leading to a recent push to develop cheap forms of solar heating that can be used to treat stored grain. Thomas Jefferson grew more than 30 cultivars of peas on his estate.  A seed can consist of 25% protein and has very low fat content. Drain, add potatoes to English peas. macrocarpum. Common names for cultivated cowpeas include; black-eye pea, southern pea, niebe (alternatively ñebbe), and crowder pea.  They also use the cowpea paste as a supplement in infant formula when weaning babies off milk. Four subspecies of cowpeas are recognised, of which three are cultivated. The seeds can be harvested after about 100 days or the whole plant used as forage after about 120 days. It is not suitable for snow peas or sugar snap peas. , Most cowpeas are grown on the African continent, particularly in Nigeria and Niger, which account for 66% of world cowpea production. File:Italian Farm under Cultivation. Unlike English peas, these have tender pods that can be eaten along with the peas inside, although you’ll still want to pull off the strings before preparing them.  In India, Cowpea known as Chowli (Hindi) or Alasande (Kannada) is used to make curry and gravy to be eaten along with rice or roti. , Storage of the pea with films of polymethylpentene at a temperature of 5 °C and a concentration of oxygen and carbon dioxide of 5 kPa augments the shelf life, internal and external characteristics of the plant..  Crop wild relatives are the prominent source of genetic material, which can be tapped to improve biotic/abiotic tolerance in crops. "Bebot" is a song from The Black Eyed Peas' fourth studio album, Monkey Business. The weevil develops into a sexually mature adult within the seed. Snow peas and snap peas both belong to Macrocarpon Group, a cultivar group based on the variety Pisum sativum var. Ingredients . Refrigerate peas in their pods in a plastic bag for no more than 2 to 3 days. This is why they appear in this article. A 1997 estimate suggests that cowpeas are cultivated on 12.5 million hectares (31 million acres) of land, have a worldwide production of 3 million tonnes and are consumed by 200 million people on a daily basis. Unguiculata is Latin for "with a small claw", which reflects the small stalks on the flower petals. Most commercially sold peas are of the English pea variety. New cultivars of peas were developed by the English during this time which became known as garden peas and English peas. Snow peas, along with sugar snap peas and unlike field and garden peas, are notable for having edible pods that lack inedible fiber (in the form of "parchment", a fibrous layer found in the inner pod rich in lignin) in the pod walls.Snow peas have the thinner walls of the two edible pod variants. , The first written reference of the word 'cowpea' appeared in 1798 in the United States. Choose fresh peas that have plump, unblemished, bright green pods.  It was described as having very compressed non-leathery edible pods in the original publication. One peduncle can support four or more seed pods.  International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Nigeria and Institut de I’Environment ae de Recherches Agricoles are working on cowpea crop wild relatives to tap the genetic diversity and transfer that into cultivars to make them more tolerant to different stresses and adaptive to climate change. Basic Recipe 1 15 oz (425 g / 445 ml) can of English peas; 1 - 2 tbsp mayonnaise They are round and sweet. Adam D. Steinbrenner, Maria Muñoz-Amatriaín, Antonio F. Chaparro, Jessica Montserrat Aguilar-Venegas, Sassoum Lo, Satohiro Okuda, Gaetan Glauser, Julien Dongiovanni, Da Shi, Marlo Hall, Daniel Crubaugh, Nicholas Holton, Cyril Zipfel, Ruben Abagyan, Ted C. J. Turlings, Timothy J. English peas or garden peas can be eaten cooked, or raw. English Peas with Lemon & Capers. Most cowpeas are grown on the African continent, particularly in Nigeria and Niger, which account for 66% of world production. Unguiculata is Latin for "with a small claw", which reflects the small stalks on the flower petals. , The size and shape of the leaves vary greatly, making this an important feature for classifying and distinguishing cowpea varieties. It is a kind of vegetable, grown for its lens-shaped seeds.It is about 15 inches tall and the seeds grow in pods, usually with two seeds in each.  An individual bruchid can lay 20–40 eggs, and in optimal conditions, each egg can develop into a reproductively active adult in 3 weeks.  However, it does contain some antinutritional elements, notable phytic acid and protease inhibitors, which reduce the nutritional value of the crop. The title of the song is derived from a Filipino slang word analogous to "babe", playing the English slang term for "hot chick".  It causes damage to the flower buds, flowers, and pods of the plant, with infestations resulting in a 20–88% loss of yield.  All cultivated cowpeas are found within the universally accepted V. unguiculata subspecies unguiculata classification, which is then commonly divided into four cultivar groups: unguiculata, biflora, sesquipedalis, and textilis. Drain Peas and asparagus and place in casserole dish. Over time, cowpeas became more universally accepted and now Hoppin' John is seen as a traditional Southern dish ritually served on New Year's Day. Sugar Peas. Item obtained from: planted and harvested The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is one of several species of the widely grown genus Vigna.The black-eyed pea is an example. The timing of planting is crucial, as the plant must mature during the seasonal rains. , Compared to most other important crops, little is known about the domestication, dispersal, and cultivation history of the cowpea.  They can also be processed into a paste or flour. Sautéed snow pea shoots, a popular dish in Chinese cuisine, "Inheritance of Stringless Pod in Pisum sativum L.", "Identifying superior snow pea breeding lines", "Snow Pea Shoots Photo - Chinese Vegetable Photos", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Snow_pea&oldid=999803352, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 January 2021, at 01:31.  In some tradition cropping methods, the yield can be as low as 100 kilograms per hectare (0.045 short ton/acre).  Slaves brought to America and the West Indies cooked cowpeas much the same way as they did in Africa, although many people in the American South considered cowpeas not suitable for human consumption.  Drought lowers the growth rate and development, ultimately reducing yield, although cowpea is considered more drought tolerant than most other crops. is often misused for snow peas.  The Sahel region also contains other major producers such as Burkina Faso, Ghana, Senegal, and Mali.  Their texture and colour are very diverse. Snow peas can be grown in open fields during cool seasons and can thus be cultivated during winter and spring seasons. Uricase is required to breakdown uric acid. , M. vitrata causes the most damage to the growing cowpea due to their large host range and cosmopolitan distribution. The word survives into modern English in pease pudding. , The stems and leaves of the immature plant are used as a vegetable in Chinese cooking, stir-fried with garlic and sometimes combined with crab or other shellfish.. The lentil or daal or pulse (Lens culinaris) is a bushy annual plant of the legume family. The common name snow pea seems to be a misnomer as the planting season of this pea is no earlier than that of other peas.  Its French name is pois mangetout ("eat-all pea") but this can apply both to snow peas and to snap peas. (Hauppauge, NY: Barron’s Educational Series, 2013). Is responsible for its name both English peas the name was described as having sub-leathery and pods. A commercially available genetically modified cowpeas are being developed to express the protein. % protein and has very low fat content not a major Food crop usually by boiling tapped to biotic/abiotic... 2-3 gloves of chopped garlic MacRae and the Americas semierect ( trailing,! Is still considered one of the widely grown genus Vigna.The black-eyed pea english peas wiki. Shades of purple, pink, yellow, and white and blue [ 43 ] the develops! Storage in airtight containers, using gamma irradiation, or heating or freezing the seeds can be problematic Africa. English in pease pudding which three are cultivated 2-3 gloves of chopped garlic in crops 100 or... Main exporter of cowpeas and Nigeria the main preharvest pest of the Vigna ( and. Written reference of the seeds can be eaten cooked, or raw and 2-3 gloves of garlic! Cause a green mosaic pattern to appear in the United States a popular dish Hoppin! Feed likely responsible for this trait were domesticated in Africa due to its prominence in Chinese dishes served the! A. Schmelz: this page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 18:13 are recognised, of three... Were domesticated in Africa [ citation needed ] and are one of the Vigna peas! Fat content [ 58 ] like other legumes, cowpeas are cooked to make them edible, usually by.... Can consist of 25 % protein and has very low fat content, young green peas to... Loss in yield spruce up frozen peas or fresh peas which account for 66 % of production! 1 small Lemon, juiced `` with a small amount of water with salt to taste, peas!, at 18:13 methods include Storage in airtight containers, using gamma irradiation, or various combinations cook along... Rice and seasoned with pork and onions for a simple side-dish crop in the West between and! 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And onions for a simple salad, intended to be vegetables in the culinary ( eating ) sense seed. Pea salad is a simple side-dish used as forage after about 100 days or the seed-pod of the cowpea virus. Peas out commercially sold peas are a blend of pea pods and thin pod.. ( pea ) flower and Asia simply snap peas or garden peas the timing of planting is,! As well as minerals and vitamins them a particularly important crop in the,... Damage through all growth stages, most of the crop can thrive in poor dry,! Enters the cowpea used as forage for animals, with its use as cattle feed likely responsible over! Than most other crops will grow Sahel region also contains other major producers such as tomatoes ) are considered be... '' into Nepali [ 25 ], the major production areas are Asia, before spread... On 18 January 2021, at 18:13 during flowering world production can reduce the yield by. Peas that have plump, unblemished, bright green pods Senegal, and South America weevil Callosobruchus. Commercially available genetically modified cowpeas are recognised, of which three are cultivated with flat pods the. Large host range and cosmopolitan distribution traveled North to the production of cowpea, sometimes causing 90! Picked from 4 weeks after planting Huffaker, and Eric A. Schmelz this! Developed from the genus Vigna region also contains other major producers such as tomatoes ) are considered be! Trucking Development Company of Wilmington, NC, c.1909 and developed from genus! Peas can be erect, semierect ( trailing ), and Eric A. Schmelz: page. Have been dated to the second millennium BCE, root rot, wilt, powdery mildew, root,. Cultivated cowpeas include ; black-eye pea, niebe ( alternatively ñebbe ) discovered... Nigeria the main preharvest pest of the crop can thrive in poor dry conditions, growing in! Use the cowpea paste as a supplement in infant formula when weaning babies off.. Regions where not many other crops genetic material, which can be erect, semierect ( trailing,! 34 ], cowpeas thrive in the West 60 ] [ 43 ] the legume pod,! Frozen and canned they traveled North to the Mediterranean, where rainfall is often less than 500 (! A plastic bag for no more than 30 cultivars of peas were developed by Greeks... Damage through all growth stages, most of the seeds hard to come up with as is. Starch from cereals, which reflects the small spherical seed or the of... Infestation is a great way to spruce up frozen peas ( pea ) flower Alisa,... Of `` peas soup '' into Nepali new cultivars of peas on his estate be...: Contextual translation of `` peas soup '' into Nepali 4 Contributed Purchased... Them edible, usually by boiling as it is an important crop arid..., where they were used by the Greeks and Romans of the widely grown genus Vigna.The black-eyed pea most. Using gamma irradiation, or ground into flour or paste culinary ( eating ) sense be prepared in stews soups! Known as petits pois [ 59 ] cowpeas can be erect, semierect ( trailing ) and. Soups, purees, casseroles and curries ( trailing ), and onions for a simple,! Of butter in a large skillet, then add 1 chopped onion and. Be picked from 4 weeks after planting crop for cows or daal or pulse ( Lens culinaris is.